Royal and Imperial Rio de Janeiro

9:00 – Saint Benedict’s Monastery (Mosteiro de São Bento).

Official address: Rua Dom Gerardo, 66.

Recently restored, it is one of the most ancient and beautiful religious places of Rio de Janeiro´s downtown.

The Abbott Emeritus of the Monastery and last titular Abbott of Our Lady of Montserrat is Dom José Palmeiro Mendes OSB, honorary member of IDII and great friend of the Brazilian Imperial Family.

Visit the website of Rio de Janeiro’s Benedictines:

10:00 – Walking around the Mauá Plaza, a homage to the memory of Irineo

Evangelista de Sousa, Viscount of Mauá (1813-1889), the Empire of Brazil´s greatest businessman and entrepreneur. Praça Mauá at the start of Rio’s Docks Zone and also in the beginning of Avenida Rio Branco (ancient Avenida Central), which is Rio´s principal street.

10:20 – Church of Our Lady of Candles (Candelária in Portuguese),

in Praça Pio X (honours Pope Pious X).

Explanation about the President Vargas Avenue.

10:40 – “Casa França-Brasil”

named to honour the relationship between Brazil and France. Actually, the building is the ancient Rio´s customhouse.

10:50 – Cultural Centre Banco do Brasil

Ancient seat of the Bank of Brazil, it is a place for expositions and a coffee break.

11:20 –  Walking along Primeiro de Março street

(honours the Wonderful City’s anniversary – 1st March, 1565).

Exploring the streets: Rua da Alfândega, Rua Buenos Aires, Rua do Rosário, Rua do Ouvidor.

Visiting the Church of the Imperial Brotherhood of the Holy Cross of Military men (Igreja da Santa Cruz dos Militares) and observing the Imperial Orders of Brazil designed in the walls.

The Count of Eu (Prince Gaston of Bourbon-Orleans, the husband of Dona Isabel I) was veiled there in August of 1922. This was his second visit to Brazil since the abolition of the Imperial Family’s Banishment Law. He died at the ship Massilia, during dinner, on the arms of his daughter-in-law and niece, Dona Maria Pia (b. Princess of Two Siciles), while they were in the Brazilian Territorial Waters.

11:45 – Lunch

12:45 – Walking along Rosário

street until reaching the church of the Brotherhood of the Black Men and its Negro Museum. The church names the street: Igreja da Irmandade de Nossa Senhora do Rosário e São Benedito dos Homens Pretos.

We return via the Sete de Setembro street, which honours the Brazilian Independence Day (the 7th of September).

13:00 – Visiting the Chamber of Dona Maria I, at the former Carmelites

Convent , now the headquarters of Candido Mendes University.

13:25 – Visiting the Ancient See

(Igreja de Nossa Senhora do Carmo da Antiga Sé).

The titular (pastor) of the Parish of Antiga Sé is Father Roque Costa e Souza, honorary member of IDII. There we will assist the som et lumière spectacle of the church, restored in 2007-2008.

14:00 – Walking along Sete de Setembro street — the 7th of September is

Brazilian National independence day – until reaching Praça XV de Novembro, that is the Palace’s Place (ancient Largo do Paço in Portuguese). It was renamed by the republicans in 1889 to honour the day when the Republic was “proclaimed” (November the 15th, 1889).

It is important to note that this was the same harbor, in this same place, where the House of Braganza arrived in 1808 and was later banished from in 1889.
The Palace, called Paço Imperial by the Cariocas, was used by Dom João and his successors as Theirs Majesties´ offices. It is used by the Federal Government only to expose contemporary art and has no souvenir of the Brazilian Dynasty.

14:20 – The Navy’s Cultural Compound

It is the part of the Guanabara Bay reserved by the Brazilian Navy for expositions and cultural events.

There is the Galiot of D. João VI and an exhibition of the Brazilian Navy´s history. Furthermore, we can visit the Riachuelo Submarine.

14:30 – Departure, by schooner, to the Fiscal Island,

a neogothic palace built for the former Imperial Ministry of Treasure (1880s).

15:50 – Going by car to the Saint Anthony’s Convent

It is the seat of the Franciscan Order in Rio de Janeiro and is located in the famous Largo da Carioca (Carioca Place).

The convent celebrated its 400th anniversary in 2008 and has been under restoration since then. The right lateral altar is a mausoleum for Infant D. Pedro Carlos of Spain (1786-1810), son-in-law and nephew of D. João VI.

The friars´ cloister guards the burial place of the little Brazilian princes, the children of D. Pedro I, D. Pedro II and D. Isabel I.

16:30 – Passing by Cineland (Cinelândia in Portuguese)

We can see all these important institutions:

16:45 – Visit to the Brazilian Historical and Geographical Institute (IHGB)

– the “House of Memory of Brazil” – and its nice little museum.

There is a lovely overview of Rio de Janeiro in the building’s coverage.

17:30 – The end of Royal and Imperial Rio de Janeiro.